These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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4-Witness-Advocate Rule

A lawyer who must testify in a case must withdraw unless the finder of fact determines that the lawyer's testimony will relate solely to an uncontested matter or to a matter of formality (on which no substantial opposing evidence will be offered) or that the lawyer is being called as a witness other than on behalf of the client and that the testimony will not be prejudicial to the client.

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn