These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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4-Witness-Advocate Rule

38-Fee Splitting

A lawyer may not hire a private investigator to be paid out of any settlement or award if the use of the private investigator as a rebuttal witness cannot be ruled out.

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn