These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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29-Advancing Fees and Costs

[WITHDRAWN 11/18/21] A law firm may not advance litigation expenses where the client will not be ultimately liable, even in a class action (where there is no readily identifiable client and the class members are indigent). [This LEO was overruled by Rule 1.8(e)(2), which exempts indigent clients from the requirement that the client remain ultimately liable for such expenses.]

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn