These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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27-Litigation Tactics (Including Misrepresentations, Tape Recordings)



43-Conflicts of Interest - Miscellaneous

48-Criminal Defense Lawyers

Because of the inherent conflict, a criminal defense lawyer may not ethically advise a client to accept a plea agreement provision that "operates as a waiver of the client's right to claim ineffective assistance of counsel." Some states do not ever allow defense lawyers to advise clients about the issue, but here the defense lawyer was reacting to the prosecutor's proposed plea agreement. Prosecutors may not offer a plea agreement "containing a provision that has the intent and legal effect of waiving the defendant's right to claim ineffective assistance of counsel.

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn