These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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8-Bills and Fees

45-Law Firms - Miscellaneous

A law firm hiring a contract lawyer may either bill his or her time as: (1) fees, in which case the client would have a "reasonable expectation" that the contract lawyer has been supervised, and the law firm can add a surcharge without disclosure to the client (although some state bars and courts require disclosure of both the hiring and the surcharge); or (2) costs, in which case the law firm can only bill the actual cost incurred “plus those costs that are associated directly with the provision of services” (as explained in ABA LEO 379).

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn