These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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8-Bills and Fees


40-Trust Accounts

41-Non-Virginia Lawyers

A Virginia firm bills its clients for the firm's costs, as well as costs incurred by foreign law firms. The Virginia firm does not place the client reimbursement checks in its trust account, and sometimes reimburses the foreign law firms many months later.If the Virginia firm has already paid the foreign law firm for its costs, then the Virginia firm may place the client's reimbursement checks in its operating account. However, the reimbursement checks must be placed in the trust account if the foreign law firms have not yet been reimbursed. Likewise, the Virginia firm may not use the clients' reimbursement checks for other purposes, but instead has an ethical duty to immediately pay the foreign law firms.

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn