These summaries were prepared by McGuireWoods LLP lawyer Thomas E. Spahn. They are based on the letter opinions issued by the Virginia State Bar. Any editorial comments reflect Mr. Spahn's current personal views, and not the opinions of the Virginia State Bar, McGuireWoods or its clients. 
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4-Witness-Advocate Rule

A lawyer may continue to represent a client if the adversary has threatened to call the lawyer as a witness, until it is "apparent" that the lawyer's testimony is or may be prejudicial to the client. If there is any doubt, the lawyer should resolve it against continuing as an advocate and in favor of testifying.

Copyright 2000, Thomas E. Spahn